Pediatric congenital heart disease is a cardiovascular disorder that babies are born with. It can be caused by certain genetic disorders, maternal diabetes, maternal rubella, and can occur in babies who were born with fetal alcohol syndrome. In addition, maternal use of certain medications during pregnancy can heighten the risk for heart disease in the newborn. Here are some types and symptoms of pediatric congenital heart disease that you should know about. 

Types Of Pediatric Congenital Heart Disease

There are many types of congenital heart disease, including atrial septal defects, which refer to a hole in between the left atria and the right atria of the heart. Atrial septal defects may cause an excess amount of blood to flow through the hole defect and into the heart, leading to enlargement of the heart. Tricuspid atresia is another congenital heart defect that refers to the improper formation of the tricuspid valve, the valve that separates the atrium and the ventricle. This can cause improper blood flow and oxygenation to certain areas of the heart and cause circulatory problems.

Some types of congenital heart diseases respond well to prescription cardiac medications and exercise to help improve aerobic function, however, surgical intervention is often required to repair the physical defects in order to restore optimal cardiovascular function. Not only does exercise help improve cardiovascular health, but it may also help boost your child's self-esteem by increasing strength, endurance, breathing capacity, and independence. 

Symptoms Of Congenital Heart Disease

Although congenital heart disease can produce a wide variety of symptoms, the most common ones may include cyanosis, or a bluish tint on the lips or skin, fast breathing, swelling of the legs, abdominal area, and around the eyes, and a rapid heartbeat. In addition, fainting, lethargy, and extreme fatigue may occur.

While the symptoms of congenital heart disease may be apparent soon after the child is born, they may not develop until the person is a teenager or an adult. If the pediatrician notices any of these symptoms while performing the newborn assessment in the hospital after the baby is born, they may refer the child to a pediatric cardiologist for further evaluation. 

If your child has congenital heart disease, see the pediatrician and pediatric cardiologist on a regular basis. When your child receives their necessary medical care on a timely basis, they may be more likely to enjoy engaging in their favorite activities free from symptoms and complications. 

For more information, contact pediatricians near you.